Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinscher

Group: Working Dog Group

Origin: Germany


    – Males: 27½ inches (70cm)
    – Females: 25½ inches (65cm)

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Breed Profile

The Doberman Pinscher was originally developed by Louis Dobermann in Germany. Several breeds, including the German Pinscher, Rottweiler, Manchester Terrier, Greyhound, and others, were used to create a protective, alert and agile dog. During World War II, the breed made a name for himself for his bravery under fire.

Although the Doberman was originally bred as a guardian, he is also an excellent tracker and is often used for Search and Rescue as well as Police work. Truly a versatile breed, Dobermans have been used as herding dogs, hunting companions, guide dogs and therapy dogs.

The well-bred Doberman is affectionate and obedient. He is a people dog who becomes extremely devoted and loyal to his family. He is known for his intelligence and his uncanny reasoning ability. He is energetic, watchful, trainable, and courageous. Caution needs to be taken when encountering other dogs — while some Dobermans will enjoy playing with other dogs, others do not. It should also be noted that male Dobermans are known to be territorial and normally will not accept other males in any situation.

The Doberman is either black, red, blue and fawn (also called Isabella). Rust markings appear above the eyes and on the muzzle, throat, forechest, legs and feet and below the tail. He has a wedge shaped head with a well arched neck that flows into his shoulders and blends into a firm topline. He has an air of nobility giving the impression of aristocracy with a fearless and inquisitive expression in his dark eyes.


Health Issues

Dobermans are generally healthy but, like all breeds, they are susceptible to certain health problems. The Health Concerns document includes information on some of the known health concerns found in the breed.

If you are considering the adoption of a Doberman Pinscher puppy, or any breed, it is very important to be selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. Ensure that the prospective puppy’s parents have all health clearances. Breeding of any dog should not be done until after they have been proven to be free of evidence of significant hereditary diseases. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see the articles on the General Information page.)

Recommended Health Screening:

For the Doberman Pinscher, the CHICNOTE 1 database includes health screenings for:

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Autoimmune Thyroiditis
  • Von Willebrand’s Disease
  • Working Aptitude
  • Eye Examination by a board Ophthalmologist
  • Congenital Cardiac Database

Additional Health Resources:


Did You Know?

  • The Doberman Pinscher was developed in Germany by a tax collector named Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann in the late 19th century.
  • Bred for protection, Dobermans are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and versatility in roles such as police work and search and rescue.
  • Considered one of the most intelligent dog breeds, Dobermans are quick learners.
  • The breed was first recognized and registered by the Canadian Kennel Club in 1908. This recognition marked an acknowledgment of the breed’s distinctive qualities and its popularity in various roles, including protection, police work, and as a loyal companion.

Grooming Information

  • Grooming — This section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website includes tips, articles and information covering all aspects of dog grooming along with a listing of Groomers from across Canada.


Training Resources

Early socialization is very important for the Doberman Pinscher breed. He has a natural instinct to protect and any socialization or obedience training will not deter this instinct. However, further guardian training is not necessary.

  • Training — For training information, see this growing section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website for tips, articles, as well as listings of training centres across Canada.


Additional Information

*NOTE 1: CHIC – The Canine Health Information Center “is a database of consolidated health screening results from multiple sources. Co-sponsored by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the American Kennel Club (AKC) Canine Health Foundation, CHIC works with parent clubs to identify health screening protocols appropriate for individual breeds. Dogs tested in accordance with the parent club established requirements, that have their results registered and made available in the public domain are issued CHIC numbers.” To learn more, visit:

*NOTE 2: The Fédération Cynologique International (FCI) is the World Canine Organization, which includes 91 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. The FCI recognizes 344 breeds, with each being the “property” of a specific country. The “owner” countries write the standards of these breeds in co-operation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI, and the translation and updating are carried out by the FCI. The FCI is not a breed registry nor does it issue pedigrees.

Breed Listing

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