Group: Toy Group

Origin: Central Mediterranean Area

Height: Up to 10 inches (25 cm) at the shoulder.

Weight: Should weigh under 7 lbs (3 kg) — 4 to 6 lbs is considered ideal.

Ch. Myi’s Lynnspride Satin N’ Lace
Photo: Lynnspride Kennels Perm. Reg’d.

CLICK HERE to View Breeder Listings

Breed Profile

The Maltese is believed to be one of the oldest of the European Toy breeds. He is intelligent, affectionate, fearless and sweet-tempered. Known to be one of the most gentle mannered of the toy breeds, they are also very playful and energetic, making them wonderful companions and family dogs.

The Maltese has a flat, long, silky coat that hangs almost to the ground from a centre part that runs from the nose to the tip of the tail. The coat is pure white and his expression is enhanced by his dark eyes, nose, lips and eye rims.

Health Issues

The Maltese is generally a healthy dog that can live 12 years or more. If you are considering the adoption of a Maltese puppy, or any breed, it is very important to be selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. Ensure that the prospective puppy’s parents have all health clearances. Breeding of any dog should not be done until after they have been proven to be free of evidence of significant hereditary diseases. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see the articles on the General Information page.)

Additional Health Resources:


Grooming Information

The Maltese’s beautiful coat requires daily brushing to prevent tangles in the long, silky hair. If daily brushing is maintained, the coat is not difficult to care for. However, if neglected, matting will occur.

Like many of the Toy breeds, the Maltese may have problems with his teeth including gum disease. Regular brushing is recommended to help maintain healthy teeth and gums.

The drop-ears of the Maltese should also be kept clean and free of excess hair.

  • Grooming — This section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website includes tips, articles and information covering all aspects of dog grooming along with a listing of Groomers from across Canada.


Training Resources

  • Toy Breeds — Housebreaking
  • Training — For training information, see this growing section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website for tips, articles, as well as listings of training centres across Canada.


Additional Information

Breed Listing

*NOTE 1: CHIC – The Canine Health Information Center “is a database of consolidated health screening results from multiple sources. Co-sponsored by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the American Kennel Club (AKC) Canine Health Foundation, CHIC works with parent clubs to identify health screening protocols appropriate for individual breeds. Dogs tested in accordance with the parent club established requirements, that have their results registered and made available in the public domain are issued CHIC numbers.” To learn more, visit:

*NOTE 2: The Fédération Cynologique International (FCI) is the World Canine Organization, which includes 91 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. The FCI recognizes 344 breeds, with each being the “property” of a specific country. The “owner” countries write the standards of these breeds in co-operation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI, and the translation and updating are carried out by the FCI. The FCI is not a breed registry nor does it issue pedigrees.

— is an Amazon Associate as well as a participant in various affiliate programs, as such fees are earned from qualifying purchases.