French Bulldog

French Bulldog


Group: Non-Sporting

Origin: France


    – Lightweight: under 10 kg
    – Heavyweight: 10 kg and up to but not over 13 kg

AKA: Frenchie, Bulldogue Français

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Breed Profile

Miniature Bulldogs were brought to France from England during the mid-19th century and, eventually, they were crossed with local breeds, resulting in the breed known as the French Bulldog, or Bouldogue Français.

The French Bulldog is a quiet and well-mannered dog who does not bark unnecessarily; however, as with other short-nosed breeds, he may snort or snore. Alert, active and playful, he is very good with children and happiest when surrounded by his family. He makes a excellent companion for the less active owner as his exercise needs are moderate. The breed was primarily bred as a companion dog, however, he is very intelligent and protective of his home and family and also makes a very good watchdog.

His coat is short, fine and smooth. Ranging in colours from brindle, fawn, cream, white, brindle and white, brindle pied, and black-masked fawn. Two distinctive features of the Frenchie are his bat shaped ears and the flatness of his skull between his ears.

Health Issues

Like all breeds of dogs, the French Bulldog does have some health concerns, among them is Brachycephalic Syndrome or Brachycephalic Airway Obstruction Syndrome (BAOS). The problems associated with this disorder can range from simple snorting to collapsing episodes. Over time, increased strain may be placed on the heart as well. Overheating is dangerous to dogs with this syndrome as excessive panting can cause further swelling and narrowing of the airways. For further information on this, please see What is brachycephalic syndrome?

If you are considering the adoption of a French Bulldog puppy, or any breed, it is very important to be selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. Ensure that the prospective puppy’s parents have all health clearances. Breeding of any dog should not be done until after they have been proven to be free of evidence of significant hereditary diseases. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see the articles on the General Information page.)

Additional Health Resources:


A Few Facts

· In 2015, the French Bulldog made it into the Canadian Kennel Club’s top 10 list of most registered breeds for the first time.

· Originally the French Bulldog had both “bat” (upright, rounded) and “rose” ears (folded over). American fanciers of the breed preferred the “bat” ears and this has carried over into the breed standard.

Grooming Information

  • Grooming — This section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website includes tips, articles and information covering all aspects of dog grooming along with a listing of Groomers from across Canada.


Training Resources

  • Training — For training information, see this growing section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website for tips, articles, as well as listings of training centres across Canada.


Additional Information

  • Clubs, Sports & Activities — For information on the many sports and activities you can get involved in with your dog.
  • Working Dogs — The Working Dogs section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website provides information and listings of organizations that are involved in various dog jobs, such as Guide Dogs, Therapy Dogs, Police Dogs, Protection Dogs, and much more.

*NOTE 1: CHIC – The Canine Health Information Center “is a database of consolidated health screening results from multiple sources. Co-sponsored by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the American Kennel Club (AKC) Canine Health Foundation, CHIC works with parent clubs to identify health screening protocols appropriate for individual breeds. Dogs tested in accordance with the parent club established requirements, that have their results registered and made available in the public domain are issued CHIC numbers.” To learn more, visit:

*NOTE 2: The Fédération Cynologique International (FCI) is the World Canine Organization, which includes 91 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. The FCI recognizes 344 breeds, with each being the “property” of a specific country. The “owner” countries write the standards of these breeds in co-operation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI, and the translation and updating are carried out by the FCI. The FCI is not a breed registry nor does it issue pedigrees.

Breed Spotlight: Meet the French Bulldog

Breed Listing

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