Group: Non-Sporting Group
Origin: Dalmatia, Croatian Republic
- – Males: 22 to 24 inches (56-61cm)
– Females: 21 to 23 inches (53-58cm)
Ch Brightspot Charismatic (“Christie”)
Photo: Brightspot Dalmatians Reg’d
The Dalmatian is the only breed of dog with spots. Though the breed’s origins are not clear, he has been known throughout Europe since the Middle Ages. Chronicles from the 14th century suggest that the breed originated in the Mediterranean region around the Dalmatian coast in the Croatian Republic. The first standard for the breed was written in 1882 and in 1890 this standard was transferred to the official breed standard. The Dalmatian was once used as a carriage dog to protect travellers from thieves. When brought into the United States, the Dalmatian became a firehouse mascot and often helped locate and rescue fire victims. A versatile breed, the Dal has also been used for herding, drafting, ratting and performing as a circus dog.
The Dalmatian is outgoing and dignified. He is a true gentleman, in that he is quiet and courteous. Nevertheless, he has a protective nature and serves as a dependable watchdog. He is intelligent, devoted to his family and people-oriented.
With his extreme stamina, he has the ability to travel great distances at a steady pace. He is strong, muscular and active, and requires lots of safe running room and regular exercise.
The Dalmatian is a medium-sized, smooth-coated breed. His unique spots are either black or liver (chocolate brown). He is clean by nature and has little, if any, “doggy odour.”
Dalmatians, as with other breeds, are susceptible to some health problems, some of a genetic nature, others viral. The Dalmatian Health Concerns document includes information on some of the known health concerns found in the breed.
If you are considering the adoption of a Dalmatian puppy, or any breed, it is very important to be selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. Ensure that the prospective puppy’s parents have all health clearances. Breeding of any dog should not be done until after they have been proven to be free of evidence of significant hereditary diseases. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see the articles on the General Information page.)
Recommended Health Screening:
For the Dalmatian, the CHICNOTE 1 database includes health screenings for:
- Hip Dysplasia
- Congenital Deafness
- Elective: OFA Thyroid Evaluation from an approved laboratory; and Results registered with OFA or CERF
Additional Health Resources:
- Dalmatian Health Concerns
- Genetics and Inheritance of Canine Deafness — From the Dalmatian Club of Canada
- Dalmatian Club of America Health & Research Information
- Canine Inherited Disorders Database — Dalmatian
- Health and Nutrition — Growing section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website which includes information on several health and nutrition related issues.
- Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) — Providing a source of health information for owners, breeders, and scientists that will assist in breeding healthy dogs. CHIC is a centralized canine health database jointly sponsored by the AKC/Canine Health Foundation (AKC/CHF) and the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA).
- AKC Canine Health Foundation — Working towards developing scientific advances in canine health.
- OFA – Companion Animal Eye Registry (CAER)
- Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA)
- Ontario Veterinary College (OVC)
- University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program (PennHip)
- HealthGene — HealthGene Corporation is the leading provider of veterinary DNA diagnostic services in Canada.
- Labgenvet — Laboratory of Veterinary Genetics is a Canadian diagnostic laboratory that offers a comprehensive service of DNA tests for veterinary genetic diseases.
The Dalmatian’s short coat sheds almost year-round. In order to minimize shedding, regular brushing with a curry comb is recommended.
- Grooming — This section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website includes tips, articles and information covering all aspects of dog grooming along with a listing of Groomers from across Canada.
- Training — For training information, see this growing section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website for tips, articles, as well as listings of training centres across Canada.
- A Bit of Dalmatian History By Maria Zorka
- “The Red Book” — The Dalmatian Club Of America’s Informational Brochure Regarding Dalmatians
- Give Your Dalmatian a Chance By Terri Haase
- Will a Dalmatian Fit Your Lifestyle? By Chris Jackson
- Clubs, Sports & Activities — For information on the many sports and activities you can get involved in with your dog.
- Working Dogs — The Working Dogs section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website provides information and listings of organizations that are involved in various dog jobs, such as Guide Dogs, Therapy Dogs, Police Dogs, Protection Dogs, and much more.
*NOTE 1: CHIC – The Canine Health Information Center “is a database of consolidated health screening results from multiple sources. Co-sponsored by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the American Kennel Club (AKC) Canine Health Foundation, CHIC works with parent clubs to identify health screening protocols appropriate for individual breeds. Dogs tested in accordance with the parent club established requirements, that have their results registered and made available in the public domain are issued CHIC numbers.” To learn more, visit: www.caninehealthinfo.org
*NOTE 2: The Fédération Cynologique International (FCI) is the World Canine Organization, which includes 91 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. The FCI recognizes 344 breeds, with each being the “property” of a specific country. The “owner” countries write the standards of these breeds in co-operation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI, and the translation and updating are carried out by the FCI. The FCI is not a breed registry nor does it issue pedigrees.