Group: Working Group
Origin: United States
- – Males: 23 to 27 inches
– Females: 21 to 25 inches.
- – Males: Average weight is about 70 lbs.
– Females: Average weight is 55 lbs.
– The dog should have a lean and muscular appearance. Females are somewhat smaller and lighter than males.
The Chinook breed is a true American breed who was developed by explorer and author Arthur T. Walden during the early 1920s. The goal was to create a new sled dog breed — one who was friendly with a gentle nature yet powerful, fast and with great stamina. He started by breeding a descendant of Polaris, Admiral Peary’s famous lead dog, to a mastiff-type dog. From this breeding, a pup named Chinook was born and became the world’s most famous dog of his time — Chinook was one of the sled dogs who accompanied Admiral Byrd on his South Pole expedition in 1927. Chinook’s offspring inherited his colouring, size and general characteristics. Throughout the years, the breed has been maintained by a few dedicated fanciers.
The Chinook was bred to be a versatile working sled dog and is capable of pulling light to heavy loads. He is a Northern breed who performs several of the same tasks as the Spitz-type breeds. However, in appearance, he resembles more of the Mastiff-type dogs than the Spitz-types. Some of the typical characteristics of the Chinook include: webbed feet with thick, well-furred pads and an aquiline nose. He is calm, a willing worker, friendly and not aggressive though he may be reserved with strangers and unfamiliar surroundings. The breed works in teams and is therefore not aggressive toward other dogs. The Chinook has a strong sense of loyalty, is highly intelligent and easily trained.
The Chinook’s double coat is of medium length with a thick, soft and downy texture undercoat. The outercoat is coarse and the hair lies close to the body. On the neck, he wears a ruff blending into an apron. His tawny colour is another distinguishing characteristic of the breed with the ideal colouration being from light honey to reddish-gold. He should also have black markings on the inside corners of the eyes and dark tawny to black markings on the ears and muzzle.
The Chinook is a rare breed with an estimated 300 to 500 purebred dogs in existence today. Although many Chinooks today are raised only as family pets; many breeders strive to maintain the Chinook’s working ability and the breed can be seen working in various areas, including dog sledding, dog-packing, skijoring, search and rescue, sheep herding, agility and obedience to name a few.
A Brief History of the Chinook – From the Chinook Club of America website.
The average lifespan of the Chinook is 12 to 14 years with several dogs living beyond 14 years. Health issues seen in Chinooks include cryptorchidism, hot spots (allergic skin disease), epilepsy, and hip dysplasia. If you are considering the adoption of a Chinook Dog puppy, or any breed, it is very important to be selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. Ensure that the prospective puppy’s parents have all health clearances. Breeding of any dog should not be done until after they have been proven to be free of evidence of significant hereditary diseases. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see the articles on the General Information page.)
Recommended Health Screening:
For the Chinook, the CHICNote 1 database includes health screenings for:
- Hip Dysplasia
- Eye Examination by a board Ophthalmologist
- Health Elective, one of the following: OFA Cardiac Evaluation; OFA Thyroid Evaluation from an approved laboratory; OFA Elbow Dysplasia; OFA Patellar Luxation Evaluation
- Also listed as optional: Anecdotal Data
Additional Health Resources:
- Health and Nutrition — Growing section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website which includes information on several health and nutrition related issues.
- Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) — Providing a source of health information for owners, breeders, and scientists that will assist in breeding healthy dogs. CHIC is a centralized canine health database jointly sponsored by the AKC/Canine Health Foundation (AKC/CHF) and the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA).
- AKC Canine Health Foundation — Working towards developing scientific advances in canine health.
- OFA – Companion Animal Eye Registry (CAER)
- Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA)
- Ontario Veterinary College (OVC)
- University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program (PennHip)
- HealthGene — HealthGene Corporation is the leading provider of veterinary DNA diagnostic services in Canada.
- Labgenvet — Laboratory of Veterinary Genetics is a Canadian diagnostic laboratory that offers a comprehensive service of DNA tests for veterinary genetic diseases.
- Grooming — This section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website includes tips, articles and information covering all aspects of dog grooming along with a listing of Groomers from across Canada.
- Training — For training information, see this growing section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website for tips, articles, as well as listings of training centres across Canada.
- Everything Husky — Your source for information and links on Mushing, Skijoring, Pulking, Dog-packing, Siberians, Malamutes, Samoyeds, working mutts, and anything else you can think of in the realm of Northern breed dogs or dog-powered recreation or competition.
- Clubs, Sports & Activities — For information on the many sports and activities you can get involved in with your dog.
- Working Dogs — The Working Dogs section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website provides information and listings of organizations that are involved in various dog jobs, such as Guide Dogs, Therapy Dogs, Police Dogs, Protection Dogs, and much more.
*NOTE 1: CHIC – The Canine Health Information Center “is a database of consolidated health screening results from multiple sources. Co-sponsored by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the American Kennel Club (AKC) Canine Health Foundation, CHIC works with parent clubs to identify health screening protocols appropriate for individual breeds. Dogs tested in accordance with the parent club established requirements, that have their results registered and made available in the public domain are issued CHIC numbers.” To learn more, visit: www.caninehealthinfo.org
*NOTE 2: The Fédération Cynologique International (FCI) is the World Canine Organization, which includes 91 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. The FCI recognizes 344 breeds, with each being the “property” of a specific country. The “owner” countries write the standards of these breeds in co-operation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI, and the translation and updating are carried out by the FCI. The FCI is not a breed registry nor does it issue pedigrees.