Group: Toy Breed
Height at the withers: 9 1/2″ to 11 1/2″
— Withers height is approximately the same as the length of the body from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttocks, giving a square appearance. The female may be slightly longer.
Average Weight: 7-8 pounds (3-3.36 kg)
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The Affenpinscher is believed to have originated in central Europe and is one of the oldest of the Toy breeds. The literal translation to the breed name means “monkey terrier”. In France, the breed is sometimes referred to as the Diablotin Moustachu, or “Moustached Little Devil”. The breed makes an excellent watchdog as well as a wonderful companion.
With a terrier-like personality, the Affenpinscher is bold, inquisitive and stubborn but also playful and mischievous. The Affen is often said to have a “big dog in a small body” mentality. Generally, a quick learner he does well in such activities as obedience and agility as well as in the show ring. Courageous, confident and sometimes with a dominant nature, early socialization and training is recommended.
The Affenpinscher has a harsh, shaggy coat, and longer hair all over the face. A sturdy little dog, the Affen has a square-body, with a deep chest and round head with a pronounced stop. The lower jaw is undershot, protruding below the dog’s short nose. The black eyes are prominent and rounded. The neck is short and arched and the limbs are straight and well boned. The coat is usually black or dark gray, but tan and red are also acceptable. The undercoat is slightly curly.
If you are considering the adoption of a Affenpinscher puppy, or any breed, it is very important to be selective in choosing a responsible and reputable breeder. Ensure that the prospective puppy’s parents have all health clearances. Breeding of any dog should not be done until after they have been proven to be free of evidence of significant hereditary diseases. (For more information on selecting a breeder, see the articles on the General Information page.)
Recommended Health Screening:
The Affenpinscher Club of America recommended testing includes:
- Hip x-rays to exclude Hip Dysplasia,
- Testing for Luxating Patellas (slipping stifles),
- X-rays for Legg-Calves-Perthes, and
- Eye examinations.
For the Affenpinscher, the CHICNote 1 database includes health screening for:
- Eye Examination by a board Ophthalmologist
- Patellar Luxation
- Optional screenings include Hip Dysplasia and Legg-Calve-Perthes
Additional Health Resources:
- Health and Nutrition — This section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website includes information on several health and nutrition related issues.
- Collapsed Trachea: The Health Problem Every Owner of a Small Dog Should Understand
- Legg-Calve Perthes (LCPD) — This is a disorder of the hip joint occurring in both humans and dogs. It is most often seen in miniature and toy breed dogs between the ages of four months and one year. No specific causes are known although it is believed to have a genetic mode of inheritance.
- Canine Inherited Disorders Database — Affenpinscher
- Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) — Affenpinscher — Providing a source of health information for owners, breeders, and scientists that will assist in breeding healthy dogs. CHIC is a centralized canine health database jointly sponsored by the AKC/Canine Health Foundation (AKC/CHF) and the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA).
- AKC Canine Health Foundation — Working towards developing scientific advances in canine health.
- Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA)
- Ontario Veterinary College (OVC)
- University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program (PennHip)
- HealthGene — HealthGene Corporation is the leading provider of veterinary DNA diagnostic services in Canada.
- Labgenvet — Laboratory of Veterinary Genetics is a Canadian diagnostic laboratory that offers a comprehensive service of DNA tests for veterinary genetic diseases.
- Grooming — This section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website includes tips, articles and information covering all aspects of dog grooming along with a listing of Groomers from across Canada.
- 10 Things to Consider Before Getting a Dog
- Toy Breeds—Selecting the Perfect Pooch
- Clubs, Sports & Activities — For information on the many sports and activities you can get involved in with your dog.
- Working Dogs — The Working Dogs section of the Canada’s Guide to Dogs website provides information and listings of organizations that are involved in various dog jobs, such as Guide Dogs, Therapy Dogs, Police Dogs, Protection Dogs, and much more.
*NOTE 1: CHIC – The Canine Health Information Center “is a database of consolidated health screening results from multiple sources. Co-sponsored by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) and the American Kennel Club (AKC) Canine Health Foundation, CHIC works with parent clubs to identify health screening protocols appropriate for individual breeds. Dogs tested in accordance with the parent club established requirements, that have their results registered and made available in the public domain are issued CHIC numbers.” To learn more, visit: www.caninehealthinfo.org
*NOTE 2: The Fédération Cynologique International (FCI) is the World Canine Organization, which includes 91 members and contract partners (one member per country) that each issue their own pedigrees and train their own judges. The FCI recognizes 344 breeds, with each being the “property” of a specific country. The “owner” countries write the standards of these breeds in co-operation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI, and the translation and updating are carried out by the FCI. The FCI is not a breed registry nor does it issue pedigrees.